Meteora is one of the most surprising constructions of old age which are really a puzzle for the human beings of present age. The aim behind construction of Meteora consisting of twenty four monasteries was promoting the teachings of Greek Orthodox Church by monks and nuns. The strange thing about Meteora is its inaccessible approach which is still a mystery.
The more peculiar fact is the unique architecture of Meteora in great artistic style which is constructed on unreachable sandstone peaks. In Greece, there are various meanings of Meteora which include “suspended in the air”, “middle of the sky” or “in the heavens above”. Still it seems very difficult to reach up to Meteora and when we look towards 11th century in which Meteora was constructed, it appears a dream to build such an amazing structure in that age of no facility.
Among all 24 monasteries, only six are still present in good condition. Being a mesmerizing and thrilling site, lots of adventure-loving tourist came here every year. The way to view these monasteries, suspended on high cliffs, is staircases which have been built into the rocks. In origin, most of the architecture of these monasteries is Athonite. It is necessary to highlight an important myth about these existing six monasteries that not all these constructions have been inhabited by only monks. There are four monasteries which were occupied by monks while the remaining two were populated by nuns that are Monastery Roussanou and the Holy Monastery of St. Stephen. Let’s review the detail of these existing six monasteries of Meteora.
The largest monastery of Meteora is Holy Monastery of Great Meteoron. It was built during 14th century while restoration and decoration processes remained continue up to 1552. This monastery is also the highest attraction for the visitors thanks to its museum. The second largest monastery in the complex is Holy Monastery of Varlaam. It was constructed in 1541 and overstated in 1548. This specialty of this monastery is its church which is dedicated to All Saints.
The third attraction is the Holy Monastery of Rousanou or St. Barbara that was erected during the 16th century and adorned in 1560. The next one is Holy Monastery of St. Nicholas Anapausas which was also constructed during the same century and has a noticeable attraction in the form of small church that was ornamented in 1527 by the renowned painter Theophanis Strelitzas. Another famous construction is Holy Monastery of St. Stephen which is also equipped with a small church founded in the 16th century and festooned in 1545. The last attraction is Monastery of the Holy Trinity which is situated on top of the cliffs. It was constructed in 1475 and was modified from 1684 to 1741.